Category Archives for "Artificial Intelligence"

Jul 14

The most feared CEO in healthcare & more

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Blog , Disruptive Innovation , Machine learning , Spine Cloud Platter

In this week’s platter, we learn about the CEO of the much-hyped Amazon- Berkshire-JPMorgan Chase healthcare partnership; we look at what “deep learning” can offer to autism therapy; we pay attention to the frugal practices of a hospital in the Cayman Islands, and finally, we consider the question of medical malpractice litigation in an age of medical robots. Enjoy.

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Why Atul Gawande Will Soon Be The Most Feared CEO In Healthcare

When news broke that the Dr. Atul Gawande had been named CEO of the Amazon-Berkshire-JPMorgan Chase healthcare partnership, industry insiders were quick to raise doubts about his credentials. This article argues that the esteemed surgeon, thinker, professor and author, Dr. Atul Gawande is exactly the right choice to lead the venture. Perhaps it is too soon to call it, but be rest-assured that he has plans to create a bold new future for American healthcare.

Personalized “deep learning” equips robots for autism therapy

Children with autism spectrum conditions often have trouble recognizing the emotional states of people around them — distinguishing a happy face from a fearful face, for instance. To remedy this, some therapists use a kid-friendly robot to demonstrate those emotions and to engage the children in imitating the emotions and responding to them in appropriate ways. Researchers at the MIT Media Lab have now developed a type of personalized machine learning that helps robots estimate the engagement and interest of each child during these interactions, using data that are unique to that child. Given the heterogeneity of the autism – this is a remarkable development.

Is this the hospital that will finally push the expensive U.S health care system to innovate?

By almost any measure, American health care costs are out of control but the system refuses to change. Inasmuch as there is no ‘one size fits all’ in the complex system of healthcare, the U.S could learn something by taking a peek at a hospital in the Cayman Islands — Health City Cayman Islands — who are managing to provide high-quality care at dramatically lower costs. What is preventing the U.S from adopting similar frugal practices?

Could You Sue Diagnostic Algorithms or Medical Robots in the Future?

So everybody’s amazed at the advancement of AI and robotics in healthcare. But what if a deep learning algorithm misses a diagnosis, the doctor accepts the judgment and the patient dies? What if a surgical robot injures a patient during a procedure? Who will be held liable in the future when robots and artificial intelligence (A.I.), acting autonomously, wrong humans? This article uses theoretical reasoning to address some of these questions.
Healthcare regulators, agencies, and lawyers – it’s time to look ahead!

Jul 13

Apple to help manage health records, & more

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Big Data in Healthcare , Blog , Disruptive Innovation , Internet of Things , Machine learning , Spine Cloud Platter , Value-Based Healthcare

In this week’s platter we meet the world’s first AI psychopath; we look at the promise of the Apple iPhone Health App; we consider results that show that value-based care is bending the cost curve; and finally, we look at the internet of cosmetics and beauty in the bathroom of the future. Enjoy
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Meet Norman, the psychopathic AI

It is often said that when it comes to machines, it is “garbage in, garbage out”. Researchers at MIT have developed the world’s first AI psychopath as an experiment on the dangers of Artificial Intelligence gone wrong when biased data is used in machine learning algorithms. The experiment proves that AI trained on bad data can itself turn bad. As AI continues to feature more and more in decision making – clinical and otherwise – it is imperative to ensure that cognitive, social and other biases are eliminated and not perpetuated in the data that we feed it.

Managing Your Health Records Should Be As Easy As Managing Your Money – and Apple wants to make it happen

The essence of the article is summarized in this quotation: “If you think about it, we as a society would never sit down and accept a situation where our banking information was possessed by others [and] could be tapped by us only intermittently and with great effort … And yet somehow we’ve lived with the fact that health records and health information were possessed really in a paternalistic way.” It could not have been said better…

Value-based care is bending the cost curve

Change Healthcare commissioned a national research study with ORC International to investigate the maturity of payers’ active value-based care programs. On average, payers reported an impressive 5.6% medical cost savings from their value-based care strategies. The data is in. Successful value-based care initiatives are driving real change across the nation. It’s time to get on board.
Download the executive summary or the complete research report here.

The bathroom of the future

Smart mirrors might advise the clueless what to wear in the morning, skin scanners might find the most effective beauty products, toilets might eliminate urine tests, and bioprinting might help cosmetics companies discontinue animal testing. Technology will significantly re-shape our sanctuaries for hygiene, and to see how it will happen, we looked at the latest trends. Here’s an overview of what the bathroom of the future will look like

Jun 11

AI helps detect wrist fractures, & more

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Blockchain , Blog , Disruptive Innovation , Machine learning , Spine Cloud Platter , Value-Based Healthcare

In this week’s platter, we look at blockchain technology and cyber-hygiene; we consider how AI in medicine is getting closer to making rounds; we pay attention to the development of 3D-printed corneas and, finally, we look at smart medical packaging. Enjoy…

What the health sector needs to know about cryptocurrency technologies, blockchain, and cryptojacking attacks

While blockchain technology could forever alter the digital landscape of the health sector, this blog post calls out attention to digital threats, cryptojacking and the necessity for cyber-hygiene especially in the healthcare sector.

Scientists 3D print human cornea for first time, a technique which could save millions from blindness

UK Scientists from Newcastle University say they’ve created the world’s first 3D-printed human cornea. They combine unique printing techniques, cornea stem cells and a new bio ink to create corneas in just 10 minutes. While the printed corneas will have to undergo several years of testing before they become a viable transplant option, this development could eventually help millions of people around the world suffering from corneal blindness.

AI in Medicine Gets Closer to Making Regular Rounds

On May 24, FDA gave the green light to an AI algorithm that uses machine learning techniques to analyze wrist radiographs (X-ray images) to assist clinicians in locating areas of distal radius fracturing. On its own, it’s not ground-breaking news, but it is a sign artificial intelligence in medicine is getting closer to making regular rounds (also see “Computer learns to detect skin cancer more accurately than doctors”).

Further to that, if this radiology AI technology can be shown to enable clear, clinical efficiencies in radiology practices, it does hold a particular promise in the gradual migration towards a value-based payment paradigm.

What’s so smart about medical device packaging?

Cambridge Consultants, operating out of one of the UK’s leading medtech clusters, has been working on a new concept which would use audio messaging to communicate instructions – with the prompts being triggered by touch-sensitive paper technology. The concept, dubbed AudioPack, delivers instructions via an avatar named Ana, who guides the patient through step-by-step use of their medical device – particularly useful for devices like autoinjectors. There’s potential here for use amongst patients who have cognitive difficulties as a result of their condition; thereby reducing patient harm harm and drug misuse because of poorly understood instructions.
Added value is all well and good, but if it can’t be achieved cheaply, it adds cost that some won’t be able to afford

Jun 04

Machine learning improves dementia, stroke diagnosis & more

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Disruptive Innovation , Machine learning , Spine Cloud Platter

In this week’s platter, we look at what digital transformation means for 4 big pharma firms; we consider how AI and machine learning is deployed to forge advances in healthcare and diagnostics; and we pay attention to a potential game changer in adrenaline auto-injection devices. Enjoy….

Digital Transformation: What’s the Cost of Doing Nothing?

Major pharma companies would be remiss to sit back and watch startups and Big Tech transform the landscape around them. Right now, the smartest incumbents are channeling the forces of disruption to their own ends, leading digital transformation in order to avoid ultimately being left behind. This article looks at how 4 big pharma companies are assessing the opportunities for digital transformation, and what it takes to stay ahead of the game.

3 Fascinating Companies Using AI to Forge New Advances in Healthcare

Artificial intelligence (AI) holds much promise for the healthcare sector. AI has the potential to do everything from predicting readmissions, cutting human error and managing epidemics to assisting surgeons to carry out complex operations. Here we take a closer look at how 3 firms – BioXcel Therapeutics Inc., Microsoft Corp., Globus Medical Inc. – are leveraging AI to forge new advances in treating and tackling disease.

Machine learning improves dementia, stroke diagnosis

Doctors currently rely on CT and/or MRI scans to detect Small Vessel Disease (SVD), a common precursor to strokes and dementia, which reduces blood flow to the brain’s deep white matter connections. But observing changes in white matter over time can be difficult for the human eye, meaning that estimating the severity of the disease and, in turn, the likelihood of dementia or a stroke is a major challenge.
Scientists from Imperial College London and the University of Edinburgh have developed software capable of detecting dementia and stroke precursors using CT scans.
With a proven accuracy rate of 85% in predicting the severity of SVD, it is only a matter of time that precautionary scans will be taken at scale, analysed by the software, and the results are delivered in a fraction of the time. Saving time and hopefully saving money and improving patient outcomes in the process…

SA medical engineers have built a EpiPen replacement that costs R200 a shot

A team of South African biomedical engineers have built a cheap replacement for the EpiPen (adrenaline auto-injector) that could revolutionise the emergency treatment of anaphylaxis, a severe allergic reaction that can be triggered by food or insect bites. The replacement is a lot cheaper, has replaceable parts, has a longer shelf life and its needle length can be customized according to the dimensions of the patient. This could be a game changer…

May 28

9 weird predictions about the future of healthcare & more

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Big Data in Healthcare , Blockchain , Disruptive Innovation , Machine learning , Spine Cloud Platter , Sub Category 1.3 , Value-Based Healthcare

In this week’s platter, we look at an AI-enabled digital platform which uses patient reported outcomes data to support patients through the recovery process; we consider the factors which indicate that Amazon may indeed dominate the healthcare sector; we consider the aspects which need to be developed before the mass adoption of blockchain in healthcare; we look at how Hurricane Harvey could be seen as a blessing in disguise for a Houston hospital; and, finally, we look take a peek at how healthcare may look like 100 years from now. Enjoy!

A Finnish startup founded by uni students has raised €4 million to revolutionise treatment

Already deployed in over 30 hospitals across across 5 countries in Europe, this digital platform ultimately seeks to reshape the whole healthcare system from being doctor-centred to patient-centred, and from transaction-based to value-based. This is achieved by combining patient-reported outcomes data and AI-assisted patient monitoring software to automate follow-up and support patients through treatment and recovery. Its algorithms screen for symptoms, alert care teams and trigger personalised instructions for patients. Future developments could even help to detect and treat additional health problems early on.

Why Amazon’s Jeff Bezos Might Just Dominate Another Trillion-Dollar Industry

Amazon this year announced a partnership with JP Morgan Chase and Berkshire Hathaway to cut healthcare costs, characterizing the initiative as a Herculean effort that would require “talented experts, a beginner’s mind, and a long-term orientation.” Approaching things with a “beginner’s mind and long-term orientation” is how technology leaders create companies of sustainable value. So, how do company founders learn to lead like Bezos?

Blockchain in Health Care – from evolution to revolution

Health care is complex and data intensive. The industry has lots of players. Health care transactions are slow, cumbersome, and expensive. Constraints on access to critical data sets limit progress in research. Data privacy is a big deal. Data security can be a life-or-death matter. So what now…? Blockchain technology can address all of these.
Inasmuch as blockchain technology has major disruption potential, it will not disrupt health care overnight—or even over the next few years. This article presents the technology aspects that need to be developed before blockchain reaches tipping point in adoption and impact.

How Hurricane Harvey spurred a Houston hospital to rethink emergency care

An often-referenced adage states: “Never let a good crisis go to waste.” This article details some the major interventions by the emergency department of a Houston hospital which permitted a sustained 7.5% surge in volume without increasing cost. Definitely worth close examination and replication.

 

9 weird predictions about the future of healthcare

This article shares the weirdest ideas about how healthcare might look a hundred years from now. Or even further down the road. Let’s peek into a dystopic future of healthcare.

May 21

Spine & Health Info Platter (21 May ’18)

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Big Data in Healthcare , Disruptive Innovation , Spine Cloud Platter , Wearable Tech

In this week’s platter, we take a comprehensive look at AI and then later at the challenges to overcome before mass adoption of AI in healthcare; then we pay attention to how real-world evidence could impact healthcare decision making; and, finally, we take a look at camera enabled goggles which, let’s just say, is very early in its development cycle.

Artificial Intelligence Promises a New Paradigm for Healthcare

Unease over AI is still common, and perhaps somewhat justified as researchers start to turn well-controlled pilots into commercialized deployments of diagnostic tools, clinical decision support systems, and workflow optimization aids. Many of these offerings must still earn the trust of clinicians, especially those who question the underlying integrity and potential biases of the data upon which these algorithms were trained.
Regardless of where any individual or institution falls along the enthusiasm spectrum, it is becoming increasingly clear that nothing is going to stay the same once the healthcare industry hits its AI event horizon – and that moment may be coming very soon…

Six Challenges To Tackle Before Artificial Intelligence Redesigns Healthcare

The potential of artificial intelligence for making healthcare better is indisputable. But integrating it successfully into our healthcare systems requires us to overcome some significant challenges. Despite this, we can be sure of one thing: artificial Intelligence will not replace physicians. Yet, medical professionals who use A.I. will replace those who don’t.

Real-world evidence: From activity to impact in healthcare decision making

Healthcare is rapidly transitioning to a new world of patient choice with a laser-like focus on outcomes and value. Indeed, healthcare systems that have traditionally focused on medical interventions driven via episodic interaction with the patient are now recognizing the need to fully understand exogenous factors (“real world evidence”) and deliver continual care. But how do we exploit this data to significantly improve healthcare decisions?

What is ‘Disruptive Diagnostics’ and How is it Changing Health Care?

Recent scientific advancements are spurring on innovation in disease diagnostics. Last month, a team of researchers from the National University of Singapore developed a tiny microfluidic chip that can detect minute biomolecules without lab equipment. The strides made in the automation of diagnostics will cause fundamental changes in medicine. The field is set to become more of an information science.

The Only Good Wearable Records Everything You Miss While Blinking Your Eyes

Camera-equipped goggles that record what you miss the moment you blink. That’s right!!! You be the judge . You just blinked…you’ve just missed a moment.

May 21

Spine & Health Info platter (14 May ’18)

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Blockchain , Disruptive Innovation , Machine learning , Spine Cloud Platter , Wearable Tech

In this week’s platter, we explore the convergence of 3D printing and wearables; we take a critical look at how healthcare can prepare for artificial intelligence and machine learning; we look at how to spot disruption in healthcare delivery; and, finally, we consider the implications of blockchain in healthcare and pharma. Enjoy.

Flexible and Wearable Electronics by Hybrid 3D Printing

Researchers from Harvard and the Air Force Research Laboratory have collaborated and developed a new hybrid 3D printing technique that overcomes a key limitation of current active trackers – rigidness. The new technique combines stretchable conductive inks and electronic components into flexible, durable wearable devices that move with the body and offer increased programmability. This technology is a dream come true for any professionals interested in study of human movement and muscle function. Enjoy the video.

How Healthcare Can Prepare for Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

The healthcare industry represents a particularly significant opportunity for machine learning to prove its value. The sheer volume of available medical knowledge has long since outstripped even the most intelligent clinician, requiring supercomputers just to keep up with the latest best practices and big data breakthroughs in genomics, predictive analytics, population health management, and clinical decision support.
How are these tools already helping providers to produce better outcomes for patients, how will they evolve in the near future, and what steps should the industry take to integrate AI into the care process without fearing a disastrous big data backlash?

Catching disruption in the act: 3 problems innovation will solve in healthcare delivery

Today, the term Disruptive Innovation is widely used across industries, including healthcare, in which complex, fragmented and costly services fuel the quest for better alternatives. But how does one actually spot this? This article provides tips on how to spot disruption in healthcare delivery

What The Hell Is Blockchain And What Does It Mean For Healthcare And Pharma?

Blockchain already earned the buzzword of the year award, so it is high time to address the elephant in the room. Is it really there? If it is, will it really change everything? How will it impact healthcare?

Apr 22

Spine & Health Info Platter (22 April ’18)

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Blog , Disruptive Innovation , Spine Cloud Platter , Wearable Tech

In this week’s Spine & Health Info Platter, we look at an app which flags trip and fall hazards in real time; we consider smart clothing; and we look at why the Cambridge Analytica scandal is important to healthcare.

PeerWell Launches Augmented Reality Trip and Fall Hazard Detector for Smartphones

Meet the artificial intelligence-powered app which flags potential risks inside the patient’s home and enables patients to prepare their homes for recovery after joint replacement and spine surgery. See demo here.

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From smartwatches to smart clothing…

What if your t-shirt could monitor your heart health? A start-up has developed next-level smart clothing which tracks the wearer’s heart health using ECG tech. And yes, the t-shirt comes with a 16-hour battery; but that’s alright as most of us don’t wear the same garment for more than 16 hours per day anyways 
See catalogue of smart clothing here

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If Senators Don’t Understand Facebook, How Will They Make Sense of Digital Health?

The value of consumer data is on the rise, and some may argue that the biggest target yet is healthcare data. The data privacy scandal around Cambridge Analytica and Facebook raises all sorts of flags about regulation of data. Mark Zuckerberg’s testimonial in front of US lawmakers not only marks the significance of the data privacy scandal but also shows how partially policy-makers understand the operation of that social media platform. If their notion about such a massive part of the technology world is so incomplete, what can we expect when artificial intelligence, bioterrorism, robotic arms, exoskeletons or other elements of digital health will be put on the table?

And did you know: In 2017, there were 477 healthcare breaches reported to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services?

Image Credit: www.yaabot.com

Apr 16

‘Disruptive diagnostics’: How it’s changing healthcare.

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Big Data in Healthcare , Blockchain , Disruptive Innovation , Spine Cloud Platter , Wearable Tech

In this week’s platter we pay attention to ‘disruptive diagnostics’; we look at an example of the novel use of technology to communicate with the deafblind; we consider 2 applications for cryptocurrency in healthcare; we look at what healthcare can learn from finance about data sharing; and, finally, we turn to insightful infographic on wearables. Enjoy!

What is ‘Disruptive Diagnostics’ and How is it Changing Health Care?

No keen observer of the healthcare sector can deny the massive innovation witnessed in various pockets of the health care value-chain in recent times – from the advent of all things digital to the shift in business models. Here we pay attention to innovation in disease diagnostics and we take a look at how far it has come in just a few years.

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Good Vibes – New app helps deafblind people communicate

How can deaf-blind people communicate with each other or with their care givers? Enter Good Vibes – a free app that uses haptic feedback and does not have a visible user interface. Developers say this is the “first time in history” that an effective tool has been created for two-way communication between those who are visually and hearing impaired. It can be downloaded for free on Google Play.

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Cryptocurrency’s digital health potential for data sharing, behavior incentives

Cryptocurrency has both advocates and critics in the financial sector. In digital health, the use of cryptocurrency is equally undefined, but it has a lot of potential. While the use of cryptocurrency in digital health is still in its infancy, some experts say this is only the beginning of a growing field. This article looks at 2 applications for cryptocurrency in healthcare – data for digital dollars and cryptocurrency as a behavorial incentive.

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What can healthcare learn from finance about data sharing

Both financial data and health data require the highest levels of security and privacy. But the experience of that safe and secure data exchange, between healthcare and finance, is dramatically different. Banks, credit card companies and other financial institutions are able to navigate these barriers to talk to one another, making it easier for customers to coordinate payments and understand their overall financial wellbeing. So why can’t patients, doctors, payers and insurance providers do the same for health data? … It is time redesign the way that healthcare ecosystems communicate…

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Infographic: Wearable Healthcare Technology

And finally, we pay attention to an infographic which provides examples of a wide range of healthcare wearables, the most popular types of healthcare apps and insight into healthcare wearable trends. Enjoy!

Image Credit: Vivian Abagiu/University of Texas at Austin

Mar 31

How could digital technology make an impact on primary care?

By Kanwal Sood | Artificial Intelligence , Big Data in Healthcare , Disruptive Innovation , Spine Cloud Platter , Wearable Tech

In this week’s platter, we look at what PCPs think of digital tech, we consider an innovative development in drug delivery; we look at wearables in the mouth; we consider a tele-ultrasound system; and, finally, we pay attention to stunning 3D insights of the human brain… Enjoy!

 

Managing back pain without addiction risk

Everybody occasionally experiences pain. Generally, pain is manageable with over-the-counter medications, or no medication at all. But when pain is acute and severe, such as after an injury or surgery, stronger pain medication may be required. And for chronic pain, such as from neck and back disorders, the long-term use of opioids to subdue pain can become addictive.
In light of the above, three University of Virginia researchers are working toward an innovative solution for treating lower back pain after surgery and for chronic back pain. They are developing drug delivery patches that would be worn on the skin, like a bandage, to deliver non-addictive pain medicine directly to the site of pain, rather than systemically via pills or injections.

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Tooth-mounted sensors track your diet and health from inside your mouth

High-tech wearables are everywhere, from our wrists to our pets to our … mouths?
Engineers at Tufts University have created tiny sensors that attach to teeth. It’s not a fashion statement, though it could very well someday become one! Instead, the wireless sensors are designed to monitor health and dietary habits, relaying data about sugar, salt, and alcohol intake to a wearer’s mobile device. It’s like a little nutritionist in your mouth that keeps tabs on every time you cheat on your diet.

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How Could Digital Technology Make An Impact On Primary Care?

Healthcare is on the verge of a paradigm shift due to digital technologies. Trends and research suggest that in the next few years, medicine will shift from a reactive to a proactive discipline. With the help of digital technologies, such as portable diagnostics, wearables, sensors, the patient will become the point of care instead of hospitals, clinical labs or other medical facilities. Moreover, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, various targeted therapies and precision medicine place the individual in the center of care instead of large populations. But how does all this impact primary care?
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Philips Unveils First Live Tele-Ultrasound System

Philips, in a partnership with Innovative Imaging Technologies, a company out of Canada, is releasing the first telemedicine system that transmits live ultrasound images during scans performed by a paramedic or nurse to a physician’s smartphone, tablet, or computer. Audio and video are shared as well, allowing physicians to have a clear sense of the context, how the ultrasound is positioned and used, and what the on-site person is seeing.
This is very useful development, but let’s hope that those transmitting live images have ready access to broadband…

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New tissue technique gives stunning 3D insights into the human brain

Imperial researchers have helped develop a breakthrough imaging technique which reveals the ultra-fine structure of the brain in unprecedented detail. Enjoy!!!

Image Credit: EntrepreneurCountry Global

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